IBM PC (Model 5150, 64Kb RAM) with Dual Displays

The original IBM PC supported multiple display adapters. This page demonstrates a PCjs hardware configuration with both a Monochrome Display connected to an MDA (Monochrome Display Adapter) and a Color Display connected to a CGA (Color Display Adapter).

At any given time, only one display was considered “active”, and the initial active display was determined by switches on the motherboard. After booting DOS, you could use MODE commands to change the active display:

  • mode co40 selects the Color Display and sets it to 40-column mode
  • mode co80 selects the Color Display and sets it to 80-column mode
  • mode mono selects the Monochrome Display, which supports only 80-column mode

The initial active display for the machine below is the Monochrome Display. Third-party software with dual-display support could write to both displays simultaneously, but most text-based applications only wrote to the active display. Programs that used color graphics, on the other hand, might use the Color Display whether or not it was currently active.

[PCx86 Machine]