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Looking for a first name that suggests wealth and beauty for that great novel you're writing? How about a name that suggests intelligence and honesty for that newborn. WRITER'S NAMEBASE has hundreds of great suggestions. Either specify a first name or select the qualities that you want in a first name and NAMEBASE will make suggestions. It will also list out nicknames and related names -- some in other languages. If you are a writer, NAMEBASE allows you to change the existing database of names and add names of your own. The registered version includes names for different nationalities and science fiction characters. Also included is a companion program called HEROINE. This program takes a male name and creates a tongue-in-cheek female name for use in romance novels. For the name "George" it returns: Georgette, Georgetta, Georgeen, Georgeanne, Georgina, and Georgia.
Disk No: 2467 Disk Title: Writer's Namebase PC-SIG Version: S1 Program Title: Writer's Namebase Author Version: 1.0 Author Registration: $20.00 Special Requirements: CGA. Looking for a first name that suggests wealth and beauty for that great novel you're writing? How about a name that suggests intelligence and honesty for that newborn. WRITER'S NAMEBASE has hundreds of great suggestions. Either specify a first name or select the qualities that you want in a first name and NAMEBASE will make suggestions. It will also list out nicknames and related names -- some in other languages. If you are a writer, NAMEBASE allows you to change the existing database of names and add names of your own. The registered version includes names for different nationalities and science fiction characters. Also included is a companion program called HEROINE. This program takes a male name and creates a tongue-in-cheek female name for use in romance novels. For the name "George" it returns: Georgette, Georgetta, Georgeen, Georgeanne, Georgina, and Georgia. PC-SIG 1030D East Duane Avenue Sunnyvale Ca. 94086 (408) 730-9291 (c) Copyright 1989 PC-SIG, Inc.
╔═════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════╗ ║ <<<< PC-SIG Disk #2467 WRITER'S NAMEBASE >>>> ║ ╠═════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════╣ ║ To print documentation, type: COPY NAMEBASE.DOC PRN (press Enter) ║ ║ ║ ║ To begin the program, type: NAMEBASE (press Enter) ║ ║ ║ ║ ║ ║ Copyright 1990, PC-SIG, Inc. ║ ╚═════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════╝
WRITER'S NAMEBASE Written by Robin C. Johnson Copywrite 1990 BACKGROUND This system was originally written for writers of fiction, but will no doubt benefit others as well. Since it is based on some of the same sources as the vast parade of baby name books, perhaps someone will even find a newborn's name among these offerings. This project began with my frustration over characters' names. I used to spend hours trying to think of just the right name before I had made it even a couple paragraphs into a novel; and then, of course, the name changed halfway through. Well, we all know how easy the task of changing a character's name has become with the use of computers, but landing on the right names is still a matter of imagination and sometimes hours of research into phone books, tombstones, newspapers, or the TV Guide. So I set out to simplify my life by computerizing my name selection as much as possible. This project took me away from my novel, as you might guess. Writers are notorious for finding long, tedious projects which are related to writing, but which must be done instead of writing. After months of research and programming, this is what I've come up with. I hope you can use it. I'm distributing this program as shareware, and ask that you respect my efforts by not distributing it for profit or changing it, except to add your own favorite names. I also ask that you register (for $20) your copy if you like the program (to replace the lost royalties on that novel). Send check to: Robin C. Johnson 3445 Windham Circle Stockton, CA 95209 For $20 you will become a registered owner and will receive the registered version, which contains additional name databases for the categories you now see listed, but aren't available. In the unregistered version, a database of English names is included, and an empty file for your own custom name database. I will continue to add names to the databases, so registered users will receive incremental upgrades when appropriate. Included with the all versions is a program called HEROINE, a tongue-in-cheek utility to aid in generating the oddball names used in romance novels for the female character. It appends suffixes to short names to come up with a list of romantic-sounding? female names. Many female names originated this way, of course (ALBERTA, EUGENIA, JAUNITA, JACQUELINE), but maybe you want something a little different. So look up a man's name which has the characteristics you desire, then run the HEROINE program against it and see what you get--(BOBETTE, GEORGINE, RONNA), or something even stranger. Registered users will receive a similar program for generating names of science fiction characters. ABOUT THE PROGRAM: Writer's Namebase is menu-driven and very easy to use. It allows options for searching for a name, adding and deleting names, and customizing names. Unfortunately, nomenclature is not a hard science, and so some of the characteristics of names will be based on connotation. In most cases, the traits ascribed to a particular name have been arrived at through a combination of the linguistic derivation of the name and its general usage. You too will have personal reactions to certain names which will influence your choices, but I have tried to keep my personal likes and dislikes out of it. The database contains names to be used as first names, but since many first names were originally surnames, and surnames are a popular choice still, many of the names in the database are surnames which can be used as first names, such as Dallas, Washington, or Kendall. You may, then, find the program useful for finding a character's last name as well, especially since first names can also be used as last names-- Gordon, Rose, Kelly. There are several different databases, providing thousands of names from many different parts of the world. Each name may have several nicknames as well, which can be used independently. Names in these files are not necessarily popular or unpopular. They may in fact be unique. Each database contains names related to a particular region of the world or a particular language group. For instance, the English database contains names used in English-speaking countries. Within this database, the names are grouped by nationality--American, Welsh, Irish, etc. The group called ENGLISH is the largest, including names used in all English-speaking countries. Names in the group WELSH are those used primarily in Wales. The other categories follow suit. Please note that a name may appear in the English database even though it was borrowed from a non-English speaking country. What determines the inclusion of a foreign name is its frequency of use, not origin. In the non-English categories, however, borrowed names will be rare. For each name, the information available is as follows: 1. Sex - Male or Female only. If a name is used for both males and females, code it for the most common gender. 2. Characteristics which include beauty, wealth, intelligence, youth, and honesty. For each of these, the entry is either Y or N. This is the part of the system that is inprecise. Base your answers on suggestiveness. For instance, a name like "BERTHA" suggests to most people an unbeautiful woman (sorry to the Berthas). The connotations of a name may even be in conflict with the derivation of it, which is not particularly surprising. This categorization technique is used primarily to allow a method for narrowing the database down to smaller groups of names. Since an author wants the name to suit the character, I devised this type of selection criteria. If your image of a name doesn't fit the one in the database, you can change it. 3. Nicknames - names people familiar with the character might call him or her. Notice that the connotations of nicknames is usually different that those of the original name. For example, "MAX" certainly gives me a different image than "MAXIMILIAN." 4. Related names - these are names which are historically related to the name in question. They are provided to offer a context for a name and to suggest other possible names you might want to consider. 5. Meaning - the original meaning of the name, according to the language of the database it appears in or a language from which is was borrowed. For instance, "DARREN" is from the Anglo-Saxon for "dear" or "darling." It is also a Persian name meaning "wealthy." In the English database, the Anglo-Saxon meaning is used. This is not always so clear-cut, as sometimes different languages which contributed to English have different meanings for names. Also, different sources show different meanings. I have used several sources for this information and have had to make my own decisions. Keep in mind that the 25-character field here for the name's meaning cannot possibly give an entymology. If you are interested in obtaining further information on the history of names, some books are suggested below. FURTHER REFERENCE: There are many baby name books available which usually give a brief history of names and sometimes list famous people who have the names. One of the more interesting of these is Connie Lockhart Ellefson's The Melting Pot Book of Baby Names, published by Betterway Publications, 1987, which gives names from around the world. Among scholarly works on nomenclature, I am aware of two which will provide more extensive historical reference for English names: The Penguin Dictionary of Surnames, Basil Cottle, Penguin Books, 1987. The Oxford Dictionary of English Christian Names, E.G. Withycombe, Oxford University Press, 1985. ABOUT NAMING CONVENTIONS: As already mentioned, the characteristics describing the names are based partly on connotations, partly on derivation. There are other ways of assigning the characteristics, an important part of this program, since the goal of using it is to provide you with a manageable list of names for a particular type of character. These traits are ascribed also through evaluation against some fairly reliable "rules" about names, fictional or not. To gain some insight into the guidelines used in this program, please read the following information: 1. Different cultures have different naming conventions. If you are naming foreigners, you need to be aware of these. For instance, in Arabic nations, it is considered wise and desirable to name at least one boy in an extended family Mohammed, and the most popular names for girls are Mohammed's wives' and daughters' names. In these countries, there is great repetition of names. Not so in China, where almost everyone has a unique name. Italian first-born boys will often be named after the father, and Italian first-born girls are often given a female version of the father's name. 2. Some countries have laws governing the naming of children, though most of these laws are not strictly enforced. However, they do represent national sentiments. For instance, in France, the law says that no baby can be named a name that cannot be proven to have existed before. Quite a different situation exists in the United States and England. 3. Trends in names come and go. Following trends is especially common among middle classes. These may be rooted in television or movies, history, or novels. There are, for instance, a plethora of Stephanies, Erics, Brians, Hayleys, and Jasons now in U.S. middle schools. Preparing to enter Kindergarten are the Tiffanys, Brittanys, Ashleys, and Tylers. Many names used in England originated in literature. 4. Class consciousness is a strong factor in choosing names. Upper classes tend to be traditional and familial, choosing names which will associate them with their patronage. It is in this class that hyphenated surnames occur in English. Also, some girls are given their mother's surname as a given name or middle name to preserve the maternal heritage. Generally speaking, the upper classes tend to prefer long names, and reject most nicknames as vulgar. Lower class children have often been given names which were originally nicknames for longer names, such as Tom, Dick, or Harry. 5. Unisex names are interesting in that they can easily work two ways. For "A Boy Named Sue," the gift of a girl's name was a tremendous hardship, a source of ridicule. However, a name such as Leslie seems to be acceptable to either sex. Boys with predominantly girls' names will usually be the brunt of jokes. This might explain why a character is exceptionally timid or, alternately, brash. However, girls with male names don't usually suffer this hardship, and many female names are shortened to male names voluntarily, especially in the United States. Jo, Bobbie, Alex, and Sam are examples of this. Because female names are often derived from male names, many nicknames of girls will be equivalent to boys' names. 6. Regional differences in names are sometimes so significant as to immediately place a character. For instance, a woman named Rebecca Sue is from the South. It is the noticeable trend of using both first and middle names as the familiar name that distinguishes this region's natives from others. Many such regional characteristics have been diminished by world communication, but a writer can quickly establish certain impressions about a character through the careful choice of such a name. There are also significant variations between British and U.S. names. In the list of English names, certain ones will be identified as almost exclusively American (AME). 7. Religious influences have a tremendous bearing on names used in many countries, especially in earlier times. A particularly Catholic name can immediately alert readers that a character is Catholic, and of course, certain traits will be associated with that fact. Having such a name in real life is not nearly as suggestive, naturally, as having such a name in a novel or short story. Alert readers will have expected an author to have chosen a name carefully, and to have anticipated the baggage which it likely carries. ABOUT THE DIFFERENT DATABASES: 1. The names are grouped according to country or language of origin. American authors can be fairly free about using names from any country for American characters, and may want to Anglicize some of the difficult ones. The CUSTOM database is provided so that you can create a database of special names for a certain project or just a list of your own creations. 2. The following languages are represented: ENGLISH - American, English, Irish, Scottish, Welsh, etc. GERMANIC - Austrian, German, Scandinavian, Swiss, etc. SLAVIC - Bulgarian, Czechoslovakian, Russian, Yugoslavian, etc. ITALIC - French, Italian, Portugese, Spanish, etc. ARABIC - Arabic, Hindi ORIENTAL - Cambodian, Chinese, Korean, Japanese, Vietnamese, etc. OTHER - Eskimo, Greek, Hawaiian, African, etc. Of course, several languages are not included in this list, but these represent the most widely spoken, and the most frequently used for English-speaking writers. If you wish to add an entirely new language to the database, you may do so by choosing one of these primary groups and adding records to it, using the NATIONALITY field to identify your subgroup. For instance, if you wanted a section of Icelandic names, you could add names to the SLAVIC database, putting ICE in for the NATIONALITY. The database called OTHER may include several unrelated language groups. 3. Nicknames - The nicknames listed for any foreign names are generally those that English-speaking people would use, since the other characters in the novel are usually English-speaking. The nicknames may also (coincidentally) be appropriate in the native language, especially for Russian names, which have long-established nicknames. 4. When you search for a name, you will be asked to specify which language group and which sex the name should be. If the list generated is short, this may be the end of your search. However, you will also have an opportunity to narrow the list of names based on certain general characteristics. There are five of these: BEAUTY, YOUTH, WEALTH, HONESTY, and INTELLIGENCE. The designators used are "Y" for Yes, "N" for No, and an empty field for neutral, which is specified by pressing Return only. If you want to see all the Welsh female names in the English database, leave the characteristics blank. The more characteristics you specify with either a "Y" or "N," the fewer names in the list. On small databases, such as the Hawaiian one, you will probably want to select only a couple of characteristics, such as BEAUTY and YOUTH, leaving the others blank. a. BEAUTY--Whether or not the name suggests physical attractiveness. Some names have strong connotations of beauty or non-beauty. Agnes, for instance, is a name which sounds ugly to most English-speaking people. Whereas Cecily is a name which sounds beautiful. Some names seem more or less neutral in this category. b. YOUTH--Whether or not the name is young-sounding. For instance, Randy is a name which sounds young. Most nicknames will have a youthful sound, especially those ending in "ie" or "y." Randolph, on the other hand, sounds more mature. c. WEALTH--Whether or not the name suggests a person of financial wealth. Most hyphenated surnames suggest wealth or prestige. Likewise, long given names are more effective in intimating upper-classness. Certain very traditional names, used frequently among nobility or aristocracy, may also fit here. And surnames used as first names often suggest a wealthy background. d. HONESTY--Whether or not a name characterizes goodness, warmth, kindness, honesty, etc. Many of the decisions for this category are based on the derivation of the name or on well-known persons with the name. An Abraham, for instance, will be a good person. The name means "father," and belonged to Abraham in the Bible, and Abraham Lincoln. These will be most people's reference points. Names designated with an "N" here will be those appropriate for villains or criminals, or just people without a strong sense of integrity. e. INTELLIGENCE--Whether or not a name suggests sophistication, worldliness, or intelligence. A "Y" here may also suggest that the name evokes a sense of power. An "N" here designates names for people who aren't too bright or are naive. They may simply be people who have lived a sheltered life. Claude will have an "N" here. SOURCES: The names in these files were collected from a large number of sources. Among them are books of names, newspapers, magazine articles, and any other sources I uncovered during this project. In addition, I have occasionally added names that just came to mind, which is what you will do yourself as a writer of fiction. HOW TO BEGIN: Okay, so now you're ready to use the program. You will find that the distribution disk contains several files. The unregistered version contains only two database files--ENGLISH.DAT and CUSTOM.DAT. The ENGLISH.DAT file should be 109,098 bytes. If it is larger, you do not have an original copy as distributed by the author--the database has been modified. This file, NAMEBASE.DOC, is also on the disk and may be printed with the command COPY NAMEBASE.DOC TO PRN. The main program is called NAMEBASE.EXE. Type NAMEBASE at the DOS prompt and press Enter. An introductory message will appear. If the database files are not on the same disk as the program, you will be prompted for the drive letter. Then the NAMEBASE menu will appear. You should make a working copy of these files, or copy them to your hard disk, all to the same directory. From here on out, it's easy. Just read the menu and answer the questions. I'm sure you will find this program useful if you write fiction. I know I will, just as soon as I get back to that novel. REQUIREMENTS: An IBM PC or compatible computer is required. A color monitor is required--CGA or better. A hard disk is recommended, as access to a large file on a floppy disk is slow. A single floppy drive is all that is required, however. ------------------------------------------------------------------------ REGISTRATION FORM Send to: Robin C. Johnson 3445 Windham Circle Stockton, CA 95209 Registration Fee: $20.00 You will receive: Complete executable NAMEBASE database system Current versions of all name databases Heroine name generator Science fiction name generator Your version: --------- Your Name: ------------------------------------ Address: ------------------------------------ City, State: ------------------------------------ As a registered user of NAMEBASE, I agree not to modify or distribute the program or to make copies for other than my personal use. Signature: ------------------------------------ Date: --------------
Volume in drive A has no label Directory of A:\ CUSTOM DAT 495 6-09-90 12:38a ENGLISH DAT 109098 6-09-90 1:51a HEROINE EXE 39115 6-08-90 3:42a NAMEBASE DOC 20414 6-09-90 2:19a NAMEBASE EXE 99267 6-09-90 1:59a FILE2467 TXT 2295 10-30-90 8:42a GO BAT 40 1-01-80 6:00a GO TXT 771 11-21-90 1:38a 8 file(s) 271495 bytes 47104 bytes free