Home of the original IBM PC emulator for browsers.
[PCjs Machine "ibm5170"]
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T h e P C - S I G L i b r a r y o n C D - R O M 1 2 t h E d i t i o n +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ The PC-SIG Library on CD-ROM, winner of the Optical Publishing Association's Best Consumer Product Award, has added a hypermedia interface that makes it easy to find and download any type of program you could want. The WordCruncher text retrieval program has also been implemented to assist you insearching this vast collection. This CD-ROM contains over 3700 fully functional shareware programs, each with a detailed review. The 12th Edition has added over 300 new programs and over 500 updates since the release of the 11th Edition. The collection is always kept current and now contains over 70 megabytes of Windows 3.0 and 3.1 applications, fonts, icons, games and wallpaper files. The range of software is phenomenal! There are huge assortments of games, everything from adventure games with full SVGA and SoundBlaster support to favorites like Klondike, Chess and Othello. Spreadsheets, databases, wordprocessors and graphics programs are instantly available and there are literally hundreds of unique and specialized programs that will save you time and money. This amazing collection will help you get a handle on all your business and home accounting and also teach your children about zoology. Each of the more than 3700 programs has a one-line description for quick reference, Just pick one of the 13 software categories and a subcategory to begin browsing for a program that interests you. You might choose the Games Category, where you can pick from 12 subcatgories including Adventure, Arcade, Cards and more. A mouse click (or keyboard stroke) on the program title takes you to a detailed description of the program. you can immediately download the software to your hard or floppy drive, and in many cases view a screen shot. You can find any program in the collection quickly and easily by using the search button. When you are in a program category just type in the title of the program and you will be taken to the description of that program. The popular WordCruncher text retrieval program has been added to allow searching every description for any word within that description, not just in the title or keywords chosen by someone who thinks differently than you do. The WordCruncher is ideal for finding programs which perform a specific function, just try searching for "split", "math" or "subtract". Or switch to the Disks section where you will find an alphabetical list of all the programs which can be searched by program title or disk number. Everyone has their favorite programs and we're no exception. Our 44 favorite programs can be run immediately. No downloading is necessary, all you do is click on the word "RUN" in the program description and you'll be working or playing with top notch software right on the CD. The power of hypermedia will allow you to try out more software than you ever thought possible. We are sure that you will find a multitude of programs to your liking on the P-SIG Library on CD-ROM. System Requirements: IBM PC/AT PS/2 or compatible with 640K, DOS 3.3 or higher, Microsoft MS-DOS CD-ROM Extensions and a CD-ROM player. We recommend a 386 with a VGA monitor. T h e P C - S I G W o r l d o f G a m e s C D - R O M ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ The new PC-SIG World of Games CD-ROM contains over 550 of the best shareware games, including 53 educational games for children and 57 Windows games. 430 of them can be played directly from the CD without using your hard drive space. This edition employs the award-winning HyperReader interface, allowing easy searching and playing by using a mouse or the keyboard. This CD is the first in a six-volume PC-SIG Encyclopedia of Shareware series. Each volume will include the programs from a section of the PC-SIG collection and also the programs and text from the current issue of Shareware Magazine. This CD contains the entire text from the May/June issue of Shareware Magazine, featuring hardware reviews of the Tandy Sensation and the Media Vision Pro 16 Multimedia System. Software reviews included cover 58 new shareware releases, security, educational, CD audio and PIM's. 159 of the programs mentioned in the magazine are included and can be downloaded using the HyperReader interface. There are also 89 programs which were updated since the last issue of Shareware Magazine, helping those of you who have purchased the 12th edition of the PC-SIG Library keep on top of the everchanging world of shareware. As well, a description of every program in the PC-SIG Library can be searched with the WordCruncher text retrieval program. This Games CD continues the ten year PC-SIG tradition of providing quality programs and information to help you find the best program for your purpose. System Requirements: IBM PC/AT/PS/2 or compatible computer with 640K, DOS 3.3 or higher, Microsoft MS-DOS CD-ROM Extensions and a CD-ROM player. We recommend a 386 with a VGA monitor. T h e P C - S I G W o r l d o f W i n d o w s C D - R O M ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ The brand new PC-SIG World Of Windows is a must-have for Windows users. In order to produce the best possible Windows collection PC-SIG has made an alliance with the acclaimed Windows OnLine BBS. So not only do you have access to the collecting and weeding out efforts for which PC-SIG is famous, but also the huge volume of fonts and sound files and the in-depth software reviews of the world's best Windows BBS. This CD contains every one of the best Windows shareware programs available, 350+ in all, over 900 TrueType fonts which can be used without royalties, 429 ATM fonts, over 2,000 sound files in .WAV, .VOC, .SND, .SOU, .MID format and 2,794 icons! A major computer catalog is offering a collection of 250 fonts for $49.95. They have great prices on hardware and software, but this time they can't touch us. As if the files aren't enough, we thought you would want to preview and use these sounds, fonts, icons and programs directly from the CD, without taking the time and space to unarchive them. So we have included a font previewer and installed, a sound player and an icon manager. Over 200 of the programs can be run simply by clicking on them in the File Manager. Nobody else offers you anything close to this type of access. We're not done yet. In add to all the Windows riches described above, this CD also contains the text and programs from the July-August issue of Shareware Magazine. This is the second in a six-volume PC-SIG Encyclopedia of Shareware CD-ROM series (Games was the first). Each volume includes the programs from a section of the PC-SIG Library plus all the text and every program from the current issue of Shareware Magazine. Software reviews for this issue cover over 100 programs including games, communications, printing, text editors and more. 124 of the programs mentioned in the magazine are included, plus 225 programs updated since the May-June issue. TO ORDER in the U.S.A.: Call 800-245-6717 and ask for Customer Service. For Technical information: Call 408-730-9291 and ask for Technical Support Outside the U.S.A.: Call (408) 730-9291 for the name of the dealer near you.
Shareware is a unique way to distribute and evaluate software, but sometimes it can be a bit confusing. If you find yourself using CircumSpace often, and enjoying it, you should register your copy with us here at KlassM SoftWare. Rather than offer a long-winded explanation of rights to intellectual property, let me just tell you all the benefits you receive when you register. 1) A registered copy of the newest version of CircumSpace. If your copy is more than six months old, there may well be a new version available. With a registration fee of $15, perhaps the simplest way to obtain the very newest version is to register, rather than trying to find a BBS that for some reason is ahead of the crowd. Also, since as a registered user it's obvious you won't need the introduction or registration reminder, these portions of the program will be excised from the copy we send you. This will save you a bit of time in loading and exiting the program, and will increase the amount of memory available for 16-color VGA mode. 2) Printed documentation. While we worked hard to make the .DOC file as complete as possible, there is no substitute for our professionally printed documentation. 3) Discounts on other KlassM SoftWare programs. KlassM SoftWare is making the award winning Top Ten desktop planetarium program SkyGlobe available at a discounted price when registered with CircumSpace. SkyGlobe registrations alone are $20.00, but you can register both programs together for $25.00, for a savings of $10.00. 4) Automatic notification of new releases and other products, with discounts on updated versions. Registered users are entitled to upgrades at half off our already low price, plus you will be offered special deals on other KlassM SoftWare products in the future. Even if you decide not to register your copy of CircumSpace, I encourage you to pass it along to anyone else who may be interested. I don't place any time limit on your evaluation period, so go ahead and leave CircumSpace on your hard drive as long as you want. If you ever change your mind, I'll be glad to hear from you! Mark A Haney, KlassM SoftWare, Inc., PO BOX 1067, Ann Arbor MI 48106, USA FAX: (313) 426-5533 or credit card orders only 1 800 968-4994 US and Canada. Educational Discount Policy. We here at KlassM SoftWare are pleased to offer a special discount package to educational institutions. A fully registered site license for one school is $20 for CircumSpace alone or $30 for both CircumSpace and SkyGlobe. (The SkyGlobe educational package includes some extras.) Either contact us at the PO BOX or FAX number for further details, or go ahead and send in a check or purchase order. We can also be reached on CompuServe at 75020,1431.
Welcome to C I R C U M S P A C E (tm) Welcome to the first publicly released shareware version of CircumSpace! CircumSpace is a shareware product from KlassM SoftWare, Inc., the publishers of SkyGlobe (tm), and it was written by SkyGlobe author Mark A Haney. CircumSpace is our name for the local stellar neighborhood, consisting of the 7780 stars nearest to our Sun. This program enables you, the user, to quickly and easily simulate traveling in and amongst these stars, while their positions and perceived brightnesses change on the screen just as they would if you were really moving at speeds of up to hundreds of light years per second. CircumSpace was designed to be fast, fun, and easy to use. The only file necessary to actually run the program is CIRCUM.EXE. Simply type CIRCUM from the DOS prompt after copying it to a directory of your choice, use A:CIRCUM or B:CIRCUM if it's still on the floppy, or use the Windows (tm) File Manager or Run command to start the program that way. An introductory screen will tell you a little about the program as you warp in towards the Sun from the outer reaches of the neighborhood. Once you arrive, the easy-to-use single-key commands or the mouse will be ready to do your bidding, as explained in the following pages of this manual. Since CircumSpace is shareware, if you like and decide to keep the program you are encouraged to participate in its further development by registering your copy for use. This manual contains an order form and easy ordering instructions, and a copy should also be present as the file ORDER.DOC. There are a lot of great reasons to register, and we will tell you some of them, but in the end only you can decide if you like the program enough to keep it and pay for it. Thank you for choosing to evaluate CircumSpace. We hope you enjoy your visit here, and we look forward to the opportunity to serve you! Mark A Haney KlassM SoftWare "Discerning Our Universe" (tm) CircumSpace Registration Form: May 15, 1993 Please use this form to register CircumSpace. Registration is $15.00. CircumSpace will continue to be improved, but we will send you the newest version available at the time of your order. KlassM SoftWare is making the award winning Top Ten desktop planetarium program SkyGlobe available at a discounted price when registered with CircumSpace. SkyGlobe registrations are normally $20.00, but you can register both programs together for $25.00, which is a savings of $10.00. There are several ways you can register: #1. Fax this form with a credit card number to 313-426-5533. #2. Mail this form with a check, currency or a credit card number to: KlassM SoftWare, Inc., PO BOX 1067, Ann Arbor MI 48106, USA #3. E-Mail this form to KlassM SoftWare via CompuServe, 75020,1431. #4. Call our 800 Number, 1-800-968-4994. Credit card orders only please. Shipping Address: Name:............................................. Street:............................................ City, St, Zip:............................................ Country:............................................ We ship on 3.5 720k disks unless otherwise indicated. [ ] I can read 3.5 1.44M disks. [ ] I would be interested in a [ ] I prefer 5.25 1.2M disks. Windows version of CircumSpace. [ ] I require 5.25 360K disks. CircumSpace alone $15.00 ........ CircumSpace and SkyGlobe $25.00 ........ Overseas shipping add $5.00 ........ Total ........ VISA/MasterCard Information Card #______________________________ Date of Authorization _______________ Signature __________________________ Amount $________ Expiration ________ International customers: Payment can be in the form of a VISA/MasterCard authorization, a US$ dollar check from a US bank, or US or other major currency. See BENEFITS.DOC for additional information and our educational discounts. Table of Contents Welcome Page....................................................1 Order Form......................................................2 Table of Contents...............................................3 Ombudsman Statement.............................................3 Using CircumSpace...............................................4 CircumSpace and the Mouse.......................................5 Intro to Keyboard Commands......................................5 Alphabetic Keyboard Commands....................................6 More Alphabetic Commands........................................7 Advanced Keyboard Commands......................................8 More Advanced Commands..........................................9 Suggestions and Explanations....................................9 More Suggestions and Explanations..............................10 Technical Notes................................................12 More Tech Notes plus Future Plans..............................13 Our Philosophy.................................................14 _______ ____|__ | (R) --| | |------------------- | ____|__ | Association of | | |_| Shareware |__| o | Professionals -----| | |--------------------- |___|___| MEMBER "This program is produced by a member of the Association of Shareware Professionals (ASP). ASP wants to make sure that the shareware principle works for you. If you are unable to resolve a shareware-related problem with an ASP member by contacting the member directly, ASP may be able to help. The ASP Ombudsman can help you resolve a dispute or problem with an ASP member, but does not provide technical support for members' products. Please write to the ASP Ombudsman at 545 Grover Road, Muskegon, MI 49442 or send a CompuServe message via CompuServe Mail to ASP Ombudsman 70007,3536." I hope you don't have any problems with CircumSpace, but I can be reached for technical support at the mailing address, the fax number, or the CompuServe address on the order form. The 800# is an order-only line, so it is not suitable for tech support questions. CircumSpace, SkyGlobe, and "Discerning Our Universe" are trademarks of KlassM SoftWare, Inc. Windows is a trademark of Microsoft Corporation. This manual, all included files, and the CircumSpace program are all Copyright (c) 1993 Mark A Haney. -4- Using CircumSpace CircumSpace is started by simply typing CIRCUM from the DOS prompt. Under normal circumstances the program will run in VGA 16-color mode, using 386 32-bit code for maximum speed. If you don't have a 386 system, the program will still run, but using either the math coprocessor or emulation code, which are either slower or much slower than the normal 386 operation. If you have only EGA but not VGA graphics, the program will use that mode instead. If insufficient free memory is detected to use all 16 VGA colors, the program will either use a special 8-color mode or drop all the way down to EGA graphics. Brief messages will inform you if any of these solutions are found to be necessary. The program starts out at 10000 light years from the Sun, in the direction of Ophiucus, but warping quickly towards home. After several iterations the introductory message will appear and the warping process will slow down. Once the message has completed itself, we will be left just outside Sol, our Sun, at a distance of 1 astronomical unit (au), or equal to the orbit of the Earth. From here, of course, the sky will appear exactly as we are used to seeing it. We will be looking at Orion just to the right of the Sun, with Sirius down and to the left, and the Big Dipper off the screen up and to the left. First let's see what the mouse is telling us. The three top parameter displays all refer to the Sun, once the introductory screen passes, with the very top one displaying information about the star underneath the mouse cursor. This display has the name of the star, its current dist- ance, and its perceived brightness as seen from our current location, from the standard distance of 10 parsecs (which is about 32.6 light years), and from our home location of the Earth. Let's move the mouse to some other stars, and notice how this information changes. Since we are currently AT our home location, the H: brightness for Here and the E: for Earth are the same. You can place the mouse cursor on top of stars not currently labeled to see what they are named. If no name is available for a star it is numbered and called Anon ####. My original database had names for over 5000 stars, but only 3000 would fit under DOS memory limitations. One of the most impressive features of CircumSpace is its ability to simulate quickly traveling throughout the local stellar neighborhood. Simply press the space bar to start this warping process. We will instantly start traveling backwards at the rate of 1 light year per view. Press the space bar again to toggle this motion on and off. Press any of the punctuation keys ',', '.', or '/' to toggle the warp- ing direction, and any of the number keys to control the speed, as indicated by the display on the bottom. -5- CircumSpace and the Mouse We can also use the mouse to control warp behavior. The right button will toggle warp on and off. When warping is active, the left button will toggle the direction of warp. You can control warp speed by left clicking on top of the warp speed parameter display to increase speed or right clicking to decrease it. You may have noticed that warp toggling is controlled by right clicking, but we haven't yet said what left clicking does when not in warp mode. Well, why don't we try it! After first making sure warp is turned off, try left clicking anywhere on the display to re-center it at the chosen spot. That leaves double clicking. Left double clicking on a star will go directly to a location one au from that star. Left clicking on an area of the display with no star may seem a little confusing at first. This will change our location to a distance of 10000 light years from the Sun in the direction of the spot where you click, then we will turn around and face the Sun again. Finally, right double clicking will always turn us around to face the Sun, even if it is not visible from our location. Keyboard Commands Left clicking isn't the only way to change the direction of our sky view from our given location. The arrow or cursor keys will serve as well, while PgUp, PgDn, Tab, and Shift-Tab move in larger steps. Moving the mouse right up to the edge of the display (unless it is in a "protected" area) will slide the display to keep up with the mouse. Since these methods of changing the sky view do not change our location, this is similar to SkyGlobe or any other familiar method of displaying a sky view, except that the star positions and brightnesses depend on our location within the local stellar neighborhood. There are several display features that can be controlled with the use of the function keys. F1 controls the mnemonic Hot Spot display in the upper left. F2 serves as a master control for all the parameter displays at the bottom of the screen. F3 through F9 control individual bottom area parameter displays, and F10 controls display of the mouse cursor. -6- Alphabetic Keyboard Commands Now we move into the descriptions for all the alphabetic command keys. A is for AntiClockwise, which rotates the display a small amount in the counter-clockwise direction. Shift-A will start automatic counter-clockwise display, which can be turned off with ESC or by pressing A again or C. B is for Bland. This will toggle the star title display from color to gray. Shift-B controls the Hot Spot and parameter display blandness. C is for Clockwise, which rotates the display a small amount in the clockwise direction. Shift-C will start automatic clockwise display, which can be turned off with ESC or by pressing C again or A. D is for Down, which changes our actual location by moving us downwards one jump by a distance equal to the current warp speed. Shift-D starts automatic Downward moving, which can be turned off with ESC or by pressing D again or U. E is for Explore. This starts an automatic mode that continually finds the closest star that is in the direction we are facing now, but that is further away from the initial location than the last explored star. We will always face the next star we are warping towards. Shift-E is similar, except that we will travel backwards and always face the initial location. F is for Find. This will place us in a menu that will let us choose a star to look for in the sky of the current location. There are several lists, which are sorted in the following orders: Earth brightness, alphabetical by named stars, alphabetical by Greek letter star, absolute brightness of important stars, and nearness to Earth. Shift-F is the same as F. G is for Goto. This will place us in a menu that will let us choose a star to travel to from the current location. The same lists as the Find command are used. Shift-G is the same as G. H is for Halfway, which will change our location to one halfway as far from the Sun as we are now. Shift-H doubles our distance from the Sun. I is for Impulse, which moves us forward one hundredth of a light year. Shift-I moves us backwards one hundredth of a light year. L is for Left, which changes our actual location by moving us Leftwards one jump by a distance equal to the current warp speed. Shift-L starts automatic Leftward moving, which can be turned off with ESC or by pressing L again or R. -7- More Alphabetic Keyboard Commands M is for MicroWarp, which move us forward one tenth of a light year. Shift-M moves us backwards one tenth of a light year. N is for Nearest. This instantly faces the star currently known as the nearest to our location. Shift-N travels to that nearest star. Q is for Quit. Are you sure you really want to? This also stops all warping and automatic moving or rotating, as does ESC. R is for Right, which changes our actual location by moving us Rightwards one jump by a distance equal to the current warp speed. Shift-R starts automatic Rightward moving, which can be turned off with ESC or by pressing R again or L. S is for Sun, which instantly turns us to face the Sun. Shift-S travels to the Sun, which is the same as the Home command. Don't forget that double right-clicking is the same as S. T is for Titles, which toggles the display of star names. Shift-T increases the number of stars to display, which is the same as the plus key '+'. Pressing the minus '-' decreases the number of stars to display, and Enter is the same as pressing T. This means that the numeric keypad is convenient for controlling the display of star names. U is for Up, which changes our actual location by moving us Upwards one jump by a distance equal to the current warp speed. Shift-U starts automatic Upward moving, which can be turned off with ESC or by pressing U again or D. V is for reVerse, which turns us around so we are viewing the stars that were previously behind us. Shift-V changes our location to one directly on the other side of the Sun from our current location, and also turns us around to face the previous backwards direction. W is for Warp, which changes our actual location by moving us forwards one jump by a distance equal to the current warp speed. Shift-W moves us backwards one jump. X is for eXtreme, which changes our actual location by moving us backwards until we are 25000 light years away from the Sun. Shift-X moves to a location 25000 light years from the the Sun on the opposite of the Sun from our current location. In both cases, if no stars are visible after we have moved, we will turn around to face the Sun. All of the above alphabetical commands and their shifted counterparts can be invoked by using the mouse with the Hot Spots in the upper left. Use the left button to invoke the normal alphabetic command, and use the right button to invoke the shifted counterpart. -8- Advanced Commands There are several single-key commands that are not invoked with alphabetic keypresses, some of which have been mentioned elsewhere and some which have not. The cursor or arrow keys have the action of rotating our view without changing our actual location. You can start an automatic view rotation by using either Shift, Alt, or Ctrl in conjunction with the cursor keys. Some keyboards use these differently, which is why I used all three for the same thing. Don't forget that you can also use the mouse to change by viewing direction by moving it to the very edge of the screen in the direction you want to look. A few areas are protected from this sliding effect for other purposes. PgUp and PgDn are for larger rotations in the vertical direction, and you can use Tab or Shift-Tab for the horizontal direction. To toggle warp direction, use any of the punctuation keys ',','.', or '/'. These are conveniently located near the Space bar (which as you remember controls warping itself), although the '/' key tends to show up in various places depending on keyboard manufacturer. Just to reiterate you can also use the left mouse button to toggle warp direction while warp is active. The Home key moves us to the Sun, or rather to a distance of 1 au from the Sun, in a direction such that the Sun will appear in the center of the screen. If you get lost in within CircumSpace this may be the easiest way to return Home, although simply pressing S will at least face you in the right direction. The End key is a fast way to remove yourself to a distance of 5000 light years from the Sun. This can be used to get a faroff perspective of the direction you are looking, and to see which familiar stars are still visible from far away. (I call these 'lighthouse' stars.) This is, as you may have noticed, just a less extreme version of the X command. If you end up in a situation where you are facing away from the Sun and no stars are visible, the program may turn you around to face home again, but you can use the S key to do this yourself if needs be. The +, -, and Enter keys all control display of Titles or star names, as explained above for the T command. These are all located over on the numeric keypad, which makes them easy to access to get just the display you want. Enter acts as a toggle, while + and - increase and decrease the number of titles displayed, respectively. Don't forget the use of the B key for Bland, if you find the colors too garish. Stars which either have no names known to me or for which I lacked the memory to store their names show up as numbers only, which have no meaning outside CircumSpace, but which at least serves to distinguish them for us. -9- More Advanced Commands The number keys themselves control warp speed, which ranges from .1 ly per view for warp 1 to 100 ly per view for warp 10, which uses the 0 key. You can use the mouse to click in the lower right of the parameter display to achieve the same objective; left click to increase and right click to decrease warp speed. The > and < keys control star brightness. The program starts in the third position of five, and pressing the adjustment keys either increases or decreases this index. You may want to combine the action of this key with the brightness knob on your monitor to control the labels. If you are unsure of your current brightness setting, I suggest you simply press < several times and then start over by pressing > until you like what you see. The = key instantly places the mouse cursor at the center of the screen. This brings us to our final single-key command, the Insert key. This key controls the number of steps used for such actions as Finding and Gotoing, and the bottom parameter display uses the words Fast and Smooth to tell us which setting is current. When the program starts, clicking on a spot to re-center the display or choosing a star through the Find menu will change our viewing direction to the appropriate one instantly, because the Fast setting is operative. If you press Insert to change to Smooth, any such re-centering will take several steps. (This step action is sometimes over-ridden if the distance to travel is small.) A similar choice of number of steps is used for Gotoing, which changes our location instead of merely changing the viewing direction. You can click on the Fast/Smooth word with either button to toggle the setting. Suggestions and Further Explanations If you get a little lost in the furthest reaches of CircumSpace, press Home to return to the orbit of the Earth, or press S to merely adjust the viewing direction to face the Sun. If you prefer to use the mouse, simply double-click with the right button to re-center the view on the Sun. Its label is always displayed if the Sun is visible from the current location. If it isn't, double-click with the left button on a star whose name you recognize as being a near neighbor of the Sun, then right double-click again if you wish. Warp and Explore modes are not available on systems not equipped with a 386 or better processor, because no real animation effect would be perceived due to the slow speed. -10- More Suggestions and Explanations If you decide that you can do without the introduction after running the program a few times, you can press K followed by S (for KlassM SoftWare, of course) anytime during the opening screen. You may want to press Home to go to the Sun, or perhaps start from wherever you end up. Since it is expected that by the time you register you won't need the introduction any more, your registered copy will skip this opening, saving a few bytes as well as the need to press the two keys. You can also press any key during the farewell message if you are done reading it, once a few seconds have passed. The final message is also not present in the registered version. Learn to watch the parameter displays at the bottom of the screen to check helpful information. The distance to the Sun from the current location is always displayed in the lower left if the appropriate parameter display is active. (By the way, you can click or right click on that portion of the parameter display as a different way to Find or Goto the Sun.) The magnitude displays for the various stars can be helpful and interesting. The H: value represents the brightness of the star as seen from the current location. The A: value represents the visual magnitude of the star as seen from the standard distance of 10 parsecs or about 32.6 light years. The Sun has an absolute magnitude of 4.8, which means it would only be visible on a fairly dark and clear night from a planet orbiting Pollux, which happens to be about the standard distance from here. The E: value represents the brightness of the star as seen from the orbit of the Earth. When the program is started the H: and E: values are the same, and the magnitudes displayed are the ones you are familiar with from SkyGlobe and your own back yard. The E: values, like the A: values, will not change as you move throughout the neighborhood, since the stars themselves don't move (at least for our purposes) nor do they change in luminosity (at least for our purposes). The star label colors have a certain significance. The very brightest stars in absolute terms have bright red labels. I call them 'lighthouse stars', and most of those visible from End or eXtreme distances fall into this category. Well-known stars that are somewhat less bright are a dimmer red color. Stars that are quite nearby are labeled in blue, bright blue if they are quite well-known, dimmer blue if less so. Well-known stars that are neither particularly nearby nor particularly bright in absolute terms are labeled in a nice shade of purple. Other named stars are green, with everything of lesser distinction having to settle for gray. These colors are for 16-color VGA mode and will show up somewhat differently in 8-color VGA or EGA. In particular, non-bright non-nearby well-known stars are yellow in 8-color VGA instead of purple, though yellow is reserved strictly for Sol in 16-color mode. You can force 8-color VGA or EGA modes by adding either 8 or E to the command line, if you don't wish to let the amount of available memory be the sole determining factor. These modes are somewhat faster than 16-color VGA mode and you may prefer them for that reason. -11- More Suggestions Continued Explore mode is an interesting feature with an almost unlimited potential for future development. The two current modes work their way either forward or backward from the current location based on the direction you are currently facing. E works forward and constantly faces the star that is the next target for exploration; Shift-E works backward and faces the initial location. Press E again, ESC, or Q to stop exploring. Here's a suggestion for one way to go Exploring. Decide on the beginning and final destination stars that interest you, with the latter being preferably a great distance from the former. Goto the initial star by either double-clicking with the mouse or by using the menu. Find the destination star using the menu, or simply center on it if you can see it or find it with the mouse. Then press E. You will start traveling more or less in the direction of the destination star, stopping off along the way at the nearest stars in the right direction. Explore will stop when it runs out of destination stars. You can use the mouse to change viewing direction by simply moving the cursor to the edge of the screen. A few areas are protected from this for other purposes. The upper right corner is dedicated to clockwise rotation instead of changing viewing direction. The Fast/Smooth setting controls the number of steps used for Finding and Gotoing. (Yes, it's an ugly contrived word, but I like it.) It also affects the size of the change in viewing direction when the cursor keys are used. Warp speed is also used to determine the size of Right, Left, Up, and Down moves and automatic moves, so you may want to set it to warp 1 while performing those functions. You can press Insert or click on the indicator to change this even while it automatic mode is active. Warping starts in the direction of the center of the screen when you start it with the space bar, but it starts in the direction of the mouse cursor when you click the right button to start it. The direction of change of location stays the same even if you use the cursor keys to change viewing direction, and you can also use the V command while warping as a different way to see both ahead and behind. It's interesting to start near the Sun, possibly by pressing Home, then begin warping very slowly toward some well-known star. You can see how the constellations would change during an actual trip, although of course it would take a bit longer to travel there for real. -12- Technical Notes CircumSpace contains positions and brightnesses for 7780 stars. This information was mostly derived from the PARALLAX directory on a NASA CD-ROM called Selected Astronomical Catalogs, Vol I. This list was prepared at the Yale University Observatory by William F. Altena, John Truen-liang Lee, and E. Dorrit Hoffleit in 1991. Their work is an extension of the list by Jenkins in 1963. The parallax entries, visual magnitudes, and J1900.0 RA-Dec positions were extracted from that list, together with the star proper names and catalog designations where present. I deleted all multiple entries and those for stars more than 2000 parsecs distant. For one star, Sadr, or Gam Cyg, I artificially decreased its distance to that value, and the responsibility for that change is mine alone. I felt it was too bright a star to leave out of the program, but the listed value would have placed it too far outside the range of the others, and in any case the change represents only a difference in parallax of .0003 arcseconds. If the listed value is correct, Sadr, already the brightest star in the database in absolute terms, is actually an entire magnitude brighter than I show. The positions and parallaxes were converted to a form convenient and compact enough for use in this program. In fact the star data comprises approximately one half the total size of the .EXE as it is. Wherever possible I substituted more popular names for the names I found in the PARALLAX catalog. The absolute magnitudes used by the program were figured directly from the distances and visual magnitudes, with no attempt made to factor in any interstellar absorption. Perceived brightnesses are estimated dynamically from the absolute magnitudes and current distances, in such a way as to allow the star to placed in one of seven brightness categories. Only the parameter display brightnesses are figured pre- cisely, but the system works quite well as can be seen by observing the view from Earth, which is easily recognizable as our own sky. Note that all the stars displayed then are figured in exactly the same way as they are from any other position in CircumSpace. Stars are displayed with at least the dimmest setting if they are approximately visual magnitude 10 or brighter, otherwise they are not displayed. Extremely dim stars in an absolute sense are artificially brightened to a minimum value, otherwise they would never be seen unless we were right on top of them. Any star which is very nearby is displayed at the brightest setting regardless of the true value. Extensive use is made of 386-specific 32-bit assembly code to maximize the speed of the star projections. Totally different algorithms are employed depending on whether the user is warping or not. Warping forward results in the fastest display. For those without 386 systems, the program relies on high-level language floating point routines. This will naturally run much faster on systems equipped with math coprocessors. The number of stars displayed is decreased to 3000 for non-386 systems to help minimize the speed penalty. -13- More Technical Notes plus Future Plans Benchmarking shows the 386 32-bit routines to be significantly faster than the floating point alternative. However, this may not be the case if a concerted effort is made to program directly for the coprocessor at the assembly language level, and to optimize that code. With reports that the Pentium shows much greater improved floating point performance than for other instructions, this is a tempting possibility. Which leads us naturally to a discussion of future plans for CircumSpace. Memory limitations (the infamous 640K barrier in DOS) dictated many of the design choices made for this first public release. It was important to me at this juncture to have the entire working program fit in one .EXE file, and to have this program function properly on as many systems as possible. I also wanted as much of the program as possible to work well on 386 machines or better regardless of whether they had a math chip. These constraints led to a few compromises. The most obvious was the need to limit the number of star names to 3000. All of the deleted entries were for dim stars with only catalog references for names. Some functions and features were also developed to some extent, or least thought of and possibly planned for, but were set aside to meet the goal of fitting within the memory limit, or because it was going to be too difficult to make them work quickly without a math chip without a great deal of trickery and optimization. I still have hopes and plans to include those features and others, and my next course of action will be to develop a Windows version, which will give me more room to maneuver. Some of the more complicated graphics operations will be easier to use in that environment, so I won't have to worry about both what I want to do and how I have to do it as much. (All the graphics primitives in this version were programmed from the ground up.) Once I get it nailed down what I want to do and one way to do it in the Windows version, I can return to the DOS version and make use of more complicated programming methods to make it work there. You may notice in this version a limitation on how far you can warp before the stars begin to thin out. This is not the way it really is, of course, but we don't have reliable distance information for enough stars to be able to travel a great distance from the Sun before our solar prejudice begins to show. I hope as CircumSpace grows in the future and makes use of newer technologies I am able to find reliable distances for larger numbers of stars. While I have my own priorities for future improvements to CircumSpace, I welcome suggestions from users. It's possible that I have already thought of your favorite feature, but enough votes from users will help me decide how much effort it is worth to include it sooner. And it's possible you might come up with something I would never have thought of, and by mentioning it to me you may trigger a programming frenzy and it will show up soon in a future version of the program. This is your universe as much as mine, and I'm interested in helping us learn some of its mysteries in as enjoyable a manner as possible. -14- Our Philosopy Which leads us naturally to a discussion of the philosophy behind KlassM SoftWare, and of the benefits of shareware registration. One of the greatest of these benefits is the opportunity to get newer versions directly from us, and to help ensure that there are future versions, by contributing to the program's development. Sure, the registered version will not need the introductory or farewell screens, so it will start up and exit a little more quickly, and be a little slimmer. Sure, you will get some printed documentation, and the chance to get a dis- counted registration on SkyGlobe. But there's more to it than that. One of our slogans here at KlassM SoftWare is "Discerning Our Universe". The way I see it, many of you have ideas about how you would develop programs yourself to portray or simulate the world around us, if you only had the time. There is bound to be something you've always wanted to see on your computer screens, or there is bound to be a way you've always wanted to explain something to the youngsters of any age who are important in your lives. By listening to your ideas, by offering discounted registration packages to educational institutions, and by continuing to market our software as shareware with low registration fees, we try to do our part to help us all "Discern Our Universe" together. We very much appreciate your support as you do your part by writing in with your registrations and suggestions. A quick word about the name CircumSpace. The earliest development versions of the program carried the name Crystal Sphere, as the view was that of someone looking from the outside in. However, when I changed the paradigm to one of someone looking around from inside, I became disenchanted with the accuracy of that name and began casting about for an alternative. The state motto for Michigan, where I have lived all my life, is the Latin for "If you seek a pleasant peninsula, look about you!" where the single Latin word Circumspice means "Look about you". That fit the feeling I had about the program, and I have kept the spirit of that phrase in the opening screen, but I worried about proper pronunciation and causing confusion. Then a friend suggested that I change the one vowel, and CircumSpace was born. Thank you very much for choosing to evaluate CircumSpace, and I hope you continue to enjoy the program. Peace and Clear Skies! Mark A Haney, KlassM SoftWare, Roscommon MI, May 14, 1993 Discerning A little world, in which we may discern a body Our mingled of earthly elements, and a heavenly spirit Universe and the vegetable soul of plants... the senses of the lower animals, and reason... and the likeness of God. -Pico Della Mirandola 15th century Italian philosopher
CircumSpace Registration Form: May 15, 1993 Please use this form to register CircumSpace. Registration is $15.00. CircumSpace will continue to be improved, but we will send you the newest version available at the time of your order. KlassM SoftWare is making the award winning Top Ten desktop planetarium program SkyGlobe available at a discounted price when registered with CircumSpace. SkyGlobe registrations are normally $20.00, but you can register both programs together for $25.00, which is a savings of $10.00. There are several ways you can register: #1. Fax this form with a credit card number to 313-426-5533. #2. Mail this form with a check, currency or a credit card number to: KlassM SoftWare, Inc., PO BOX 1067, Ann Arbor MI 48106, USA #3. E-Mail this form to KlassM SoftWare via CompuServe, 75020,1431. #4. Call our 800 Number, 1-800-968-4994. Credit card orders only please. Shipping Address: Name:............................................. Street:............................................ City, St, Zip:............................................ Country:............................................ We ship on 3.5 720k disks unless otherwise indicated. [ ] I can read 3.5 1.44M disks. [ ] I would be interested in a [ ] I prefer 5.25 1.2M disks. Windows version of CircumSpace. [ ] I require 5.25 360K disks. CircumSpace alone $15.00 ........ CircumSpace and SkyGlobe $25.00 ........ Overseas shipping add $5.00 ........ Total ........ VISA/MasterCard Information Card #______________________________ Date of Authorization _______________ Signature __________________________ Amount $________ Expiration ________ International customers: Payment can be in the form of a VISA/MasterCard authorization, a US$ dollar check from a US bank, or US or other major currency. See BENEFITS.DOC for additional information and our educational discounts.
CircumSpace 1.0 VENDOR.DOC Copyright (c) 1993 Mark A Haney This file provides information for shareware distributors and disk vendors who wish to distribute the CircumSpace 1.0 package. You are encouraged to distribute copies of CircumSpace, subject to the following conditions: 1) All files are distributed together and unaltered. 2) No charge is made for the software. (A small fee for media and handling is permissible.) 3) All those other than BBSes must notify KlassM SoftWare of their intent to distribute CircumSpace. Suggested BBS file name: CIRCUM10.ZIP Suggested 1-line description: A space travel simulator from the author of SkyGlobe. ASP shareware Suggested Keywords: CIRCUMSPACE, SPACE, ASTRONOMY, STARS, SKYGLOBE Suggested brief program description: A space travel simulator from the author of SkyGlobe, CircumSpace displays the sky as seen from any of our 7780 nearest neighbor stars. ASP shareware Suggested long description: CircumSpace 1.0 is a space travel simulator from the author of SkyGlobe that displays the sky as it would actually appear from anywhere within several hundred light years of the Earth. Fast, fun, and easy to use, it lets the user travel to any of 7780 nearby stars with the click of the mouse, or choose the nifty warping mode to smoothly animate the voyage. Learn where the Sun would appear in the sky of your favorite star, and how bright (or dim!) it would be. See how the familiar patterns change as you journey. Discover which stars are bright only because they are close by, and which are truly luminous. A great way to show off 386 and local bus technology. ASP shareware, $15 registration. Minimum Requirements: PC compatible with 512K and EGA graphics. VGA, mouse recommended. 386 strongly recommended. Math coprocessor not necessary. Registration: $15.00 (Plus $5.00 for overseas shipping) Registrants receive: 1) A registered copy of the newest version of CircumSpace. 2) Printed documentation. 3) Discounts on other KlassM SoftWare programs. Author: Mark A Haney, KlassM SoftWare, CIS# 76207,3377 FAX: 313 426-5533 KlassM SoftWare, Inc. PO BOX 1067 Ann Arbor MI 48106 USA
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Volume in drive A has no label Directory of A:\ CIRCUM ZIP 181866 10-21-93 10:32a CDROM TXT 7526 9-24-93 1:51p GO-STRT DAT 541 6-01-93 11:07a SIGORDER TXT 3176 9-24-93 1:57p GO-FORM DAT 3276 9-24-93 1:56p GO EXE 26022 1-10-92 12:14p PKUNZIP EXE 29378 2-01-93 2:04a PCSIG TXT 2319 9-24-93 1:59p SHAREMAG TXT 1831 6-01-93 2:32p 9 file(s) 255935 bytes 61440 bytes free