PCjs Machines

Home of the original IBM PC emulator for browsers.


PCjs Blog

Rebuilding the PCjs Website

It’s been nice using Node.js to power the PCjs website, using Amazon’s Elastic Beanstalk service, but that combination has also been a source of some frustrations.

Granted, there are some “simple” things I could do to improve performance, like adding an nginx proxy server to the configuration, but that feels like a band-aid solution, and as a software developer, the time spent fiddling with web server issues is time I’d much rather spend writing code.

Since PCjs is designed to do all its work in the user’s web browser, and since the website can be completely built out as a set of static web pages, I’ve decided to stop using Node to power www.pcjs.org. I’m in the process of migrating the website to GitHub Pages, and using Jekyll to convert all my existing Markdown files to HTML.

This new approach is very similar to what the PCjs custom Node modules did: every time someone visited a folder on the website that did not yet contain an “index.html”, the PCjs Node server would create one, either by converting the README.md file in that folder to HTML or generating a default HTML document. The PCjs Markdown-to-HTML converter also contained some special logic that made it easy to embed PCjs machines on a page.

Thanks to GitHub Pages, all of that now happens ahead of time: whenever I update the PCjs “gh-pages” branch on GitHub, Jekyll automatically runs through the entire site and rebuilds a complete set of web pages.

The Node web server would automatically embed PCjs machines on web pages by looking for special Markdown links, such as:

[Embedded IBM PC](machine.xml "PCjs:ibm5150")

After migrating to GitHub Pages and Jekyll, that markup must now be written as:

{% include machine.html id="ibm5150" %}

and the following “Front Matter” (YAML) must appear at the top of the Markdown file:

  - type: pcx86
    id: ibm5150

Basically, the YAML at the top of the file lists all the machines that the page intends to use, and then {% include ... %} is inserted in the text at the point where a machine should be embedded.

The machine.html include accepts only one parameter: the id of a machine listed at the top of the file.

The machines element at the top of the file must specify a type and id at a minimum. type should be one of the following values, depending on whether you want an IBM PC or Challenger 1P:

and id can be any identifier you want to use to embed the machine. If you want to include the machine’s built-in debugger, set debugger to true; the older method of specifying pc-dbg or c1p-dbg instead of pc or c1p as the type still works, too.

You may also use config to specify a machine XML configuration file if not using the default machine.xml; template to specify an alternate XSL template file if not using the default components.xsl; state to specify a JSON-encoded machine state file if the machine requires a predefined state; and uncompiled may be set to true to force a machine to use uncompiled sources, overriding the value of site.pcjs.compiled in _config.yml.

For example, this IBM PC contains the following at the top of the page:

  - id: ibm-5150-mda
    type: pcx86
    config: /configs/pcx86/machine/ibm/5150/mda/64kb/machine.json

If necessary, you can also override some of the settings in a machine XML file. Here’s an example of overriding the FDC autoMount setting, making it easy to reuse the same machine XML file with different boot disks:

  - type: pcx86
    id: deskpro386
    debugger: true
        name: OS/2 FOOTBALL (v7.68.17)
    config: /configs/pcx86/machine/compaq/deskpro386/ega/4096kb/debugger/machine.xml

Other settings that can currently be overridden include:

Additional overrides will be added as needed. See the Windows 95 Demo machine and its associated Markdown file for more override examples, including how to set autoMount to not mount any diskettes.

I will continue to include a Node web server with the PCjs Project, but it’s now intended for development purposes only (not production servers). I’ve updated the PCjs MarkOut component to parse any “Front Matter” at the top of the PCjs Markdown files, and to convert all new Jekyll-style embedded machines and screenshots to the older Markdown-compatible formats, so pages generated by the Node web server should still function as before. But there are no guarantees.

WARNING: If you decide to run/alternate between Jekyll’s web server (WEBrick) and the built-in Node web server (server.js), you should run “grunt clean” before starting either one, to remove any old index.html files. Node may inadvertently reuse old “index.html” files, and Jekyll may inadvertently propagate them to its “_site” folder. It’s easy to tell when this happens, because you’ll see the wrong color scheme: Node web server pages were designed to use dark colors, whereas Jekyll web server pages currently use light colors.

Jeff Parsons
Dec 10, 2015