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Microsoft QuickBASIC 4.50

A machine with QuickBASIC 4.50 (Disk 1) loaded in drive A: is provided below, along with Directory Listings of the original 720Kb diskettes.

[PCjs Machine "ibm5170-msdos320"]

Waiting for machine "ibm5170-msdos320" to load....

Directory of MS QuickBASIC 4.50 (Disk 1)

 Volume in drive A has no label
 Directory of A:\

READTHIS NOW      1023   8-20-90  11:00a
SETUP    EXE     59689   8-20-90  11:00a
README   DOC     20025   8-20-90  11:00a
PACKING  LST     12068   8-20-90  11:00a
LEARN    COM     29264   8-20-90  11:00a
LEARN    PIF       369   8-20-90  11:00a
QBCBT    CTX     24547   8-20-90  11:00a
QBCBT    SCN      8610   8-20-90  11:00a
QBCBT    SOB      8930   8-20-90  11:00a
BX       PGM     22560   8-20-90  11:00a
QB       BI$       792   8-20-90  11:00a
QCARDS   BA$     16553   8-20-90  11:00a
QCARDS   DA$      1274   8-20-90  11:00a
REMLINE  BA$      5996   8-20-90  11:00a
SORTDEMO BA$     10830   8-20-90  11:00a
TORUS    BA$     13525   8-20-90  11:00a
DEMO1    BA$      1037   8-20-90  11:00a
DEMO2    BA$       970   8-20-90  11:00a
DEMO3    BA$       947   8-20-90  11:00a
QB45QCK  HL$     67635   8-20-90  11:00a
QB       EX$    225655   8-20-90  11:00a
QB       PI$       115   8-20-90  11:00a
BC       EX$     83456   8-20-90  11:00a
LINK     EX$     48331   8-20-90  11:00a
EXAMPLES     <DIR>       8-20-90  11:00a
       25 file(s)     664201 bytes

 Directory of A:\EXAMPLES

.            <DIR>       8-20-90  11:00a
..           <DIR>       8-20-90  11:00a
BALLPSET BA$      1615   8-20-90  11:00a
BALLXOR  BA$      1111   8-20-90  11:00a
BAR      BA$      2582   8-20-90  11:00a
CAL      BA$      2437   8-20-90  11:00a
CHECK    BA$       882   8-20-90  11:00a
COLORS   BA$       763   8-20-90  11:00a
CRLF     BA$      1831   8-20-90  11:00a
CUBE     BA$       536   8-20-90  11:00a
EDPAT    BA$      2462   8-20-90  11:00a
ENTAB    BA$      1188   8-20-90  11:00a
FILERR   BA$      1347   8-20-90  11:00a
FLPT     BA$      1340   8-20-90  11:00a
INDEX    BA$      3863   8-20-90  11:00a
MANDEL   BA$      2612   8-20-90  11:00a
PALETTE  BA$       818   8-20-90  11:00a
PLOTTER  BA$       789   8-20-90  11:00a
QLBDUMP  BA$      1510   8-20-90  11:00a
SEARCH   BA$       996   8-20-90  11:00a
SINEWAVE BA$       660   8-20-90  11:00a
STRTONUM BA$       610   8-20-90  11:00a
TERMINAL BA$      1184   8-20-90  11:00a
TOKEN    BA$       745   8-20-90  11:00a
WHEREIS  BA$      2091   8-20-90  11:00a
       25 file(s)      33972 bytes

Total files listed:
       50 file(s)     698173 bytes
                        7168 bytes free

Directory of MS QuickBASIC 4.50 (Disk 2)

 Volume in drive A has no label
 Directory of A:\

UNPACK   EXE     22003   8-20-90  11:00a
LIB      EX$     25375   8-20-90  11:00a
BRUN45   EX$     64969   8-20-90  11:00a
BRUN45   LI$     15782   8-20-90  11:00a
BQLB45   LI$     15009   8-20-90  11:00a
BCOM45   LI$    149360   8-20-90  11:00a
QB       LI$      1057   8-20-90  11:00a
QB       QL$      4567   8-20-90  11:00a
QB45ENER HL$     47135   8-20-90  11:00a
NOEM     OB$      2257   8-20-90  11:00a
SMALLERR OB$       355   8-20-90  11:00a
PATCH87  EX$      3205   8-20-90  11:00a
FIXSHIFT CO$       621   8-20-90  11:00a
MSHERC   CO$      4277   8-20-90  11:00a
MOUSE    CO$     10839   8-20-90  11:00a
QB45ADVR HL$    318871   8-20-90  11:00a
ADVR_EX      <DIR>       8-20-90  11:00a
       17 file(s)     685682 bytes

 Directory of A:\ADVR_EX

.            <DIR>       8-20-90  11:00a
..           <DIR>       8-20-90  11:00a
CALL_EX  BA$      1126   8-20-90  11:00a
CHR_EX   BA$       567   8-20-90  11:00a
CMD_EX   BA$      1013   8-20-90  11:00a
COM1_EX  BA$       381   8-20-90  11:00a
COM2_EX  BA$       302   8-20-90  11:00a
CSR_EX   BA$       466   8-20-90  11:00a
DECL_EX  BA$       545   8-20-90  11:00a
DEFFN_EX BA$       233   8-20-90  11:00a
DEFSG_EX BA$       609   8-20-90  11:00a
DRAW_EX  BA$       675   8-20-90  11:00a
FUNC_EX  BA$       291   8-20-90  11:00a
OUT_EX   BA$       698   8-20-90  11:00a
SHARE_EX BA$       543   8-20-90  11:00a
SHELL_EX BA$       831   8-20-90  11:00a
STAT_EX  BA$       631   8-20-90  11:00a
SUB_EX   BA$       324   8-20-90  11:00a
TYPE_EX  BA$       988   8-20-90  11:00a
UBO_EX   BA$       282   8-20-90  11:00a
UCASE_EX BA$       594   8-20-90  11:00a
WINDO_EX BA$       566   8-20-90  11:00a
       22 file(s)      11665 bytes

Total files listed:
       39 file(s)     697347 bytes
                       12288 bytes free


                README.DOC File

        Release Notes for Microsoft (R) QuickBASIC

                Version 4.50

        (C) Copyright Microsoft Corporation, 1990

        Product Serial Number: 00-007-1450-26147102

This document contains release notes for version 4.50 of the Microsoft (R)
QuickBASIC for MS-DOS (R). The information in this document is more
up-to-date than that in the manuals.


Part	Description
----	-----------

1	Using QuickBASIC on a Two-Floppy System

2	Using Your Mouse with QuickBASIC

3	Supplementary Information on Mixed-Language Programming

4	Using Btrieve with QuickBASIC

5	Using the DOS 3.2 Patch for Math Accuracy

6	Miscellaneous Information About Using QuickBASIC

Part 1: Using QuickBASIC on a Two-Floppy System

Installing QuickBASIC on Floppy Disks

The SETUP program can install QuickBASIC on floppy disks for use
with a two-floppy system. You must run SETUP to install QuickBASIC
on floppy disks. You cannot run QuickBASIC from the disks provided,
because the files are stored in a compressed format.

Before you install QuickBASIC on your two-floppy system, be sure
you have enough blank, formatted disks. If you have 360K disk
drives, you will need five blank disks. For 720K disk drives, you
will need three blank disks.

To install QuickBASIC, put Disk #1 in drive A. Type A:\SETUP and
press Enter.

When your installation is complete, you should label each disk with
the names of the files that are on that disk. QuickBASIC will ask
you to swap disks when it cannot find a file that it needs, and
you will need to know which disk the file is on.

If you use 360K disks, label them as follows:





QB.BI			 BASIC examples

If you use 720K disks, label them as follows:

QB.BI			 BASIC examples



Running QuickBASIC from Floppy Disks

During some operations, QuickBASIC asks you to swap disks one
or more times. You can minimize disk swapping by following the
procedures in this section.

Since the disks that you installed QuickBASIC on are nearly full, you
should keep your BASIC source-code (.BAS) files on a separate disk.
Label this disk SOURCE.

Copy the run-time module BRUN45.EXE from the UTILITIES disk to your
SOURCE disk. QuickBASIC needs this file to run executable programs
compiled with the run-time support option.

When you use QuickBASIC, a disk containing source-code (.BAS) files
should always be in drive B. If you want to run existing BASIC
programs (such as the example programs provided with QuickBASIC),
remove the SOURCE disk from drive B and insert the disk containing
these files.

To run QuickBASIC:

1. Insert the SOURCE disk in drive B.

2. To make drive B the current drive, type B: and press Enter.

3. Insert the PROGRAM disk (the disk containing QB.EXE) in drive A.

4. Type the following command:


To insure that QuickBASIC always looks on both disk drives for the
files it needs, follow these steps:

1. From the Options menu, choose Set Paths.

2. Make sure each of the path settings includes both disk drives. The
following line should be in all four text boxes:


3. Choose OK.

QuickBASIC saves these path settings in the QB.INI file, so you will
not have to enter them again.

When you exit QuickBASIC or shell to DOS, you will be prompted to
insert a disk containing the file COMMAND.COM. Remove the PROGRAM
disk from drive A, insert a system disk, and press Enter.

Using Help from Floppy Disks

When you use the QuickBASIC Advisor online help system, you may need
to swap disks. For example, if you choose "Details" or "Example" on a
help screen, QuickBASIC will inform you that it cannot find the help
file QB45ADVR.HLP. Put the disk that contains this file in drive A and
choose Retry.

Compiling Your Programs from Floppy Disks

To compile your program from within QuickBASIC:

1. From the Run menu, choose Make EXE File.

2. Choose Make EXE. QuickBASIC displays the message "Cannot find file

3. Insert the UTILITIES disk (the disk containing BC.EXE) in drive A.
Type A: and press Enter.

If the program compiles successfully, QuickBASIC invokes the LINK
utility. If LINK cannot find the library, it displays the following

LINK : warning L4051 : BCOM45.LIB : cannot find library
Enter new file spec:

4. Insert the disk containing the requested library (BCOM45.LIB or
BRUN45.LIB) in drive A.

Note: The requested library may be located on the UTILITIES disk
already in drive A. If this is the case, leave this disk in drive A.

5. Type A: and press Enter. After the LINK utility finishes creating
your executable program, QuickBASIC displays the message "Cannot
find file (QB.EXE)."

6. Insert the PROGRAM disk in drive A.

7. Type A: and press Enter.

If no errors occur during compiling or linking, your compiled program
(.EXE) is created on drive B. QuickBASIC also creates an object-module
(.OBJ) file. To save space, you can delete object-module files.

Part 2:  Using Your Mouse with QuickBASIC

New Mouse Driver for Use with QuickBASIC

QuickBASIC Version 4.5 can be used with any mouse that is 100%
compatible with the Microsoft Mouse. However, you must use a
Microsoft Mouse driver Version 6.00 or later. Earlier versions may
cause unpredictable behavior when used with QuickBASIC. MOUSE.COM,
Version 6.24 is supplied with QuickBASIC Version 4.5.

Especially if you are writing programs that use the mouse, you
should use the supplied version of the mouse driver when working in
QuickBASIC. Previous versions have included MOUSE.SYS, which is
installed by including the line DEVICE=MOUSE.SYS in your CONFIG.SYS
file. This version of QuickBASIC includes MOUSE.COM, which is not
installed via CONFIG.SYS. To install MOUSE.COM, just type MOUSE at
the DOS prompt. To include MOUSE.COM automatically when your machine
boots, make sure MOUSE.COM is in your search path, then put the line


in your AUTOEXEC.BAT file. To free up memory, you can remove the
mouse driver at any time by typing MOUSE OFF at the DOS prompt.
This will restore between 9K and 10.5K of memory with Version 6.11.

Using Mouse Function Calls from QuickBASIC Programs

If you are programming for the Microsoft Mouse, you should obtain
the Microsoft Mouse Programmer's Reference Guide and the library
MOUSE.LIB that comes with it. (These are not included in QuickBASIC
or Mouse package and must be ordered separately). Most of the
information in the Mouse Programmer's Reference Guide applies
directly to QuickBASIC Version 4.5. However, the following additional
restrictions must be observed:

Certain Mouse function calls (Functions 9 & 16) require you to set
up an integer array and pass the address of the array to the mouse
driver. For previous versions, the only restriction on this array
was that it had to be $STATIC (the default array type). In QuickBASIC
Version 4.5, however, the array also must be in a COMMON block if you
will be making the Mouse function call from within the QuickBASIC
environment.  In addition, it is recommended that the support code
for the Mouse call be in a Quick library or linked into the
executable file when making Mouse function calls from QuickBASIC.

To produce a Quick library for using Mouse function calls from
within the QuickBASIC environment, use the following command line
(produces MOUSE.QLB):


An example from PIANO.BAS (included with the Microsoft Mouse
Programmer's Reference) for using Mouse function call 9:

DIM Cursor(15, 1)
COMMON Cursor() 'Ensures array data is in DGROUP
.  (set up Cursor() for mouse cursor shape desired)
M1 = 9: M2 = 6: M3 = 0
CALL MOUSE(M1, M2, M3, VARPTR(Cursor(0, 0)))

In addition to the above, note that Mouse function calls 21-23
require dynamically allocated storage out of the home data segment.
The recommended way to do this is to allocate space in a dynamic
string variable based on the return value from function call 21,
using the STRING$ or SPACE$ function. Then use VARPTR on this string
variable just prior to calling Mouse function call 22 or 23.

Part 3: Supplementary Information on Mixed-Language Programming

Linking from Within QuickC or with QCL

Microsoft QuickC and the QCL command both set the /NOI linker
by default. Therefore, you should not link from within QuickC, or
with QCL, when your program contains modules written in a case-
insensitive language such as BASIC. Use LINK to link your program
from the command line.

Pascal and FORTRAN Modules in QuickBASIC Programs

Modules compiled with Microsoft Pascal or FORTRAN can be linked with
BASIC programs, as described in the Microsoft Mixed-Language
Programming Guide. They can also be incorporated in Quick libraries.
However, QuickBASIC programs containing code compiled with Microsoft
Pascal must allocate at least 2K near-heap space for Pascal. This can
be done by using the DIM statement to allocate a static array of 2K or
greater in the NMALLOC named common block, for example, as follows:

DIM name%(2048)

The Pascal run-time assumes it always has at least 2K of near-heap
space available. If the Pascal code cannot allocate the required
space, QuickBASIC may crash. This applies to Pascal code in Quick
libraries as well as Pascal code linked into executable files. The
situation is similar for FORTRAN I/O, which also requires near
buffer space, and which can be provided by the same means as the
Pascal near malloc space.

STATIC Array Allocation

If you are writing assembly-language modules for use in QuickBASIC
programs, see Section 2.3.3, "Variable Storage Allocation," in the
BASIC Language Reference. Assembly-language code should not assume
data is in a particular segment. To avoid problems, pass data using
the SEG or CALLS keywords, or use FAR pointers. Alternatively, you
can declare all arrays dynamic (still using far pointers) since
dynamic arrays are handled identically by BC and within QuickBASIC.

Quick Libraries with Leading Zeros in the First Code Segment

A Quick library containing leading zeros in the first CODE segment
is invalid, causing the message "Error in loading file <name> -
Invalid format" when you try to load it in QuickBASIC. For example,
this can occur if an assembly-language routine puts data that is
initialized to zero in the first CODE segment, and it is subsequently
listed first on the LINK command line when you make a Quick library.
If you have this problem, do either of the following:
(1) link with a BASIC module first on the LINK command line, or
(2) make sure that, in whatever module comes first on the LINK
command line, the first code segment starts with a non-zero byte.

References to DGROUP in Extended Run-Time Modules

For mixed-language programs that use the CHAIN command, you should
make sure that any code built into an extended run-time module does not
contain any references to DGROUP. (The CHAIN command causes DGROUP to
move, but does not update references to DGROUP.) This rule applies
only to mixed-language programs; because BASIC routines never refer
to DGROUP, you can ignore this caution for programs written entirely

To avoid this problem, you can use the value of SS, since BASIC always
assumes that SS coincides with DGROUP.

Part 4: Using Btrieve

Using Btrieve in OS/2 Protected Mode

In OS/2 protected mode, a BASIC program that uses Btrieve must do a
Btrieve reset call (function 28) before executing the CHAIN statement.
The program must also reopen all Btrieve files when the destination of
the CHAIN starts to run.

Using Btrieve with QuickBASIC

If you use Btrieve with QuickBASIC, you must make a small change to
your programs for QuickBASIC Version 4.5. Currently your programs
contain a statement that obtains the address of the field buffer for
an open file. For example:

FCB.ADDR% = VARPTR(#1)	'This statement obtains the address

In QuickBASIC Version 4.5, you should change the indicated statement
to return the address of the first variable in your field buffer minus
a constant, as follows:

FCB.ADDR% = SADD(CITY$) - 188	' CITY$ is the first field
                ' buffer variable

The following example shows how to obtain the same address for a
user-defined type:



' or, you can use FCB.ADDR% = VARPTR(ADD1.CITY) - 188

Your programs should function correctly with Btrieve with this change.

Part 5: DOS 3.20 Patch

This information is important only if your system has all of the
following characteristics:

1. Uses MS-DOS version 3.20
2. Boots from a hard disk drive
3. Has a math coprocessor (for instance, an 8087 chip)
4. Runs programs that use floating-point math

For systems that satisfy all of the preceding conditions, you may be
able to eliminate floating-point math problems by installing a small
patch in DOS. If you are not sure whether you need the patch, perform
the following steps:

1. Copy the program PATCH87.EXE (included in this release) to the root
directory of your hard-disk drive.

2. Reboot your system from the hard disk, and do not perform any floppy-
disk operations after rebooting. It is very important that you avoid
floppy-disk I/O after rebooting, since that will affect the
reliability of the diagnostic test that you are about to perform.

3. If necessary, use the CD command to move to the root directory of
your hard-disk drive.

4. Run the PATCH87.EXE program by entering this command at the DOS


5. The program performs a diagnostic test on your system to determine
whether it needs the DOS patch, and if the patch is needed,
whether the patch can be installed successfully. If the program
tells you that you need to install the DOS patch, and that it can be
done, follow the procedure described in the next section.

Note: The floating-point problem has been eliminated in versions of
MS-DOS higher than 3.20. This includes MS-DOS versions 3.21 and 3.30.

If you performed the preceding test and determined that you should
install the DOS patch on your system, perform the following steps:

1. Format a blank floppy disk. (Do NOT use the /s formatting option to
transfer system files to the disk.)

2. Use the SYS command to copy IO.SYS and MSDOS.SYS from the root
directory of your hard disk to the new floppy disk. For instance, if
you boot from drive C:, you would enter the following commands:


3. Use the COPY command to copy COMMAND.COM and SYS.COM to the same
floppy disk.

4. Use the COPY command to copy the program PATCH87.EXE (included in
this release) to the same floppy disk.

5. Change the current drive and directory to the floppy disk, by
entering the following command:


7. Install the DOS patch by entering the following command:


WARNING: If you experience any disk errors during steps 2 through 7,
do not proceed with step 8. Reboot from your hard disk and repeat the
entire process.

8. If you have not experienced any errors, use the SYS command to
transfer the files IO.SYS and MSDOS.SYS from the floppy disk back to
your hard disk. For instance, if the boot directory of your system
is the root directory of drive C:, you would enter the following
command at the DOS prompt:


9. The DOS patch has been installed. Reboot the system.

Part 6: Miscellaneous Information About Using QuickBASIC

Using FIXSHIFT.COM Utility

Some keyboards have an extra set of DIRECTION (i.e. arrow) keys, in
addition to those on the numeric keypad. A bug in the ROM BIOS of
some machines with these keyboards can interfere with the QuickBASIC
editor. The Utilities 2 disk includes a program, FIXSHIFT.COM, that
fixes this bug. If you have such a keyboard, run this program by typing
FIXSHIFT. If your machine does not have the bug, FIXSHIFT displays a
message telling you so. Otherwise FIXSHIFT prompts you for the proper
actions. FIXSHIFT takes about 450 bytes of memory. Except for the BIOS
bug, it has no effect on other programs you run.

Note on VGA Display Adapters

If you install an IBM (R) Personal System/2 (TM) Video Graphics
Array display adapter (VGA) in a non-PS/2 machine, the VGA adapter
should be the only adapter in the system, and you should not use
monochrome modes (SCREEN 10) if you have a color monitor. Similarly,
you should not use color modes (SCREEN 1, 2, 7, 8, 9, 11, 12, 13) if
you have a monochrome monitor.

Note on Using QuickBASIC with DOS 2.1

To use QuickBASIC with a two-floppy system under DOS 2.1, you must
put a copy of COMMAND.COM on each disk containing an executable
file ( a file with the .EXE extension).

PTR86, LOF, Naming SUB Procedures and Variables

PTR86 is no longer supported. Use VARSEG and VARPTR instead.
Also, when used with a communications device, LOF now returns the
amount of space remaining (in bytes) in the output buffer. In
previous versions this was returned in the input buffer. Also, note
that a variable and SUB procedure could have the same name in
previous versions. In Version 4.5, this causes a "Duplicate
definition" error message.